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RENEWABLE ENERGY´S FIGURES
Press release n. 9 of the 05/11/2019 9.51.32
.Rimini, 3rd November 2019 . The production of electricity generated from renewable sources in 2018 was 112.8 billion KWh, compared to a national electricity demand of 321.9 TWh. Therefore, last year, renewable sources were able to cover 35.1% of electricity needs. The Terna data, if compared with those of 2017, show a growth of renewable sources of over 10 TWh (+9.8%), whereas that of the total demand for electricity was only 0.4%. All the surplus contribution of green sources is in the hydroelectric sector, which large year produced 11.7 TWh more than 2017, with a significant increase (31.2%). All the other green sources on the other hand had a negative trend: photovoltaic, in particular, was down by 4.7% (approximately -1.1 TWh). Together, in 2018, wind and photovoltaic produced approximately 40.2 TWh, almost 1.4 TWh less than 2017. Wind and photovoltaic thus covered 12.5% of the demand (in 2017, together, they accounted for 13%).
News from the world of renewable energy . The major event for the renewable sector was the signing in July of the so-called FER1 decree, which had the aim of supporting the production of energy from renewable sources to achieve the 2030 European targets defined in the National Integrated Plan for Energy and the Climate (PNIEC). The measure, in particular, stimulates the spread of photovoltaic, wind, hydroelectric and purification gas plants. The enactment of the measure will enable to realize plants for an overall power of approximately 8,000 MW, with an increase in the production from renewable sources of approximately 12 billion kWh and with investments made estimated at around 10 billion euros. With the incentives, priority will be given to plants realized on closed landfills and Sites of National Interest with a view to remediation; on schools, hospitals and other public buildings for photovoltaic plants whose modules are installed in place of the roofing of rural buildings from which Eternit fibre cement or asbestos has been completely removed; all the plants connected in ´parallel´ with the electricity network and the recharging columns for electric cars (on condition that the recharging power is no less than 15% of the power of the plant and that each column has a power of at least 15 kW). To obtain incentives it is necessary to register for the auctions and in the registers. There are seven appointments leading up to 2021: the first auction closed at the end of October. Now, the issue of the second incentive decree (the so-called FER2) is awaited, which will support the use of biomass for energy use, above all thermal, as well as geothermal.
Future scenarios . The ´Renewables 2019´ report of the International Energy Agency (IEA), published in recent weeks, highlights how the production of energy from renewable sources worldwide is growing more than was forecast: in the next 5 years, it could increase by 50%, thanks above all to a revival in solar energy. The report maintains that the world´s productive capacity of renewable energy will grow by 50% between 2019 and 2024. This increase of 1,200 gigawatts (the equivalent of the entire power capacity of the United States) is supported by the reduction of costs and the concerted efforts by governments. Solar power will account for 60% of this growth. The share of renewable sources in global energy production will rise from the current 26% to 30% in 2024.
Focus on energy efficiency . Over 39 billion euros have been invested in Italy for energy requalification work, of which 3.3 billion were in 2018 alone, with saving accumulated of approximately 100 million megawatt hours (MWh). These figures arrive from a 2018 balance sheet of twelve years of Ecobonus. The datum arriving from the eighth annual ENEA Report on energy efficiency shows that, in 2018 alone, the ecobonus enabled an overall saving of 16 million MWh, equal to the average consumption of electric and thermal energy of the families of a city of 2.5 million inhabitants. Last year, three quarters of the requests for ecobonus for work on the shared parts of condominiums regarded the energy requalification of the buildings´ cladding with an incidence of over 25% of the gross dispersing surfaces (detraction of 70%) and approximately a quarter the improvement of winter and summer energy performance (detraction of 75%). Moreover, the first work was begun to increase seismic security, which foresees detraction of 80% or 85% according to the reduction of the risk category. As of 2018, 67% of the objective was achieved: in the north, the residential sector has already exceeded the indicated target, industry has exceeded half the procedure (54%), while ground still has to be recovered by transport (41.6%) and services, public administration included (25.6%). The GSE in the update of its Conto Termico Counter - the incentive mechanism for work carried out, among others, on improving the efficiency of heating and cooling systems . as at 1st August reported that since the mechanism was launched 236,000 requests for incentives have been received, which correspond to a total sum for incentives granted of 649 million euros, of which 171 million were for work realized by public administrations and 478 million for work realized by private individuals.
Focus on wind . Wind power supplied 14% of the total energy consumption in Europe in 2018 according to the statistics of WindEurope, reaching an installed power of 11.3 GW, of which 8.6 was onshore and 2.65 GW offshore. Wind power is growing in terms of coverage of consumption compared to 2017, a year in which it reached 12% in Europe. Europe has currently 189 GW of wind power installed, of which 171 GW is onshore and 18 GW offshore. In 2018, according to ANEV estimates, slightly over 450 MW have been installed, a meagre share compared to Italy´s wind power potential. 2018 was a record year for the financing of new wind power. As far as 2019 is concerned, according to the FER Observatory of ANIE Rinnovabili, in the first half of the year very positive figures were reported for wind power, which overall reached 300 MW (+199% compared to the same period of 2018). On the other hand, there was a drop in the number of production units connected (-67% compared to 2018); on this matter, it must be emphasized that the new wind plants installed were almost all over 200 kW. As far as geographic diffusion is concerned, the majority of the power connected (87%) was located in the southern regions of Italy. Worthy of note is the start-up of several large plants in the month of June in the following regions: Campania (two production units for an overall total of 109 MW in the province of Benevento and one plant of approximately 35 MW in the province of Avellino), Calabria (one 36 MW plant in the province of Catanzaro), Tuscany (one plant of approximately 20 MW in the province of Leghorn) and Apulia (one 15 MW plant in the province of Foggia).
Focus on photovoltaic . The ´Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2019´ report, commissioned by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and published on the occasion of the UN summit for global action for the climate, highlights the fact that solar capacity is 26 times higher than 2009 values. It is estimated that by the end of the year the figure will rise from 25 GW to 663 GW, sufficient to produce all the electricity necessary each year for approximately 100 million homes in the United States; moreover, in the next decade, according to the document, a net world power of 2,366 GW will be installed, with the largest share being solar (638 GW). As far as Italy is concerned, according to the ANIE RINNOVABILI Observatory, there is a confirmation of the new positive trend of photovoltaic installations in the first half of 2019, which reached an overall total of 231 MW (21% more than the same period in 2018). There was an increase in the number of production units connected (+19%), mainly the result of tax deductions for citizens. The regions that reported the largest increase in terms of power were Basilicata, Marches, Sardinia, Trentino Alto Adige and Valle d´Aosta, whereas those with the largest drop were Molise, Apulia and Umbria.
All the regions reported an increase in terms of production units; among those featuring a more pronounced growth, Basilicata, Calabria, Piedmont and Marches are worthy of mention.
Residential plants (up to 20 kW) accounted for 56% of the new power installed in 2019. In the month of June, there were no reports of the start-up of photovoltaic plants of over 1 MW.
Focus on electric storage . The global market of battery energy storage will exceed 13 billion dollars by 2023. This is affirmed by the latest report by GlobalData, ´Battery Energy Storage Market, Update 2019´, according to which the Asia-Pacific macro-area (APAC) currently represents the largest market for battery energy storage systems, with 45% of the installed capacity at world level in 2018; the trend will continue at least until 2023, when it will reach a total of 6.05 billion dollars. The report certifies that the market of battery energy storage in the Europe, Middle East and Africa macro-area had a market value of approximately 1.73 billion dollars in 2018 and represents 26% of the world market. On the other hand, the market of battery energy storage in the United States had a market value of approximately 1.97 billion dollars in 2018 and represents 28% of the global market. The report estimates that this market will reach a turnover of 2.96 billion in 2023, equal to 23% of the global market.
Focus on sustainable mobility . In December 2018, electric and hybrid automobiles registered in Italy were slightly over 256.000 units, i.e. 0.66% of the cars in circulation. The situation - according to registration data - improves slightly if one also considers the other types of power, such as those cars using LPG and methane. If these vehicles are added to electric and hybrid once, an overall total of 3.6 million vehicles is reached, i.e. 9.3% of the automobiles in circulation. In 2019, an important goal for the spread of electric cars in Italy was reached: for the first time, in April, the threshold of 1,000 vehicles registered in a month was exceeded: this result was repeated in May and June. A survey by the Energy & Strategy Group of the School of Management of Milan Polytechnic highlights the fact that Italy there are currently almost 8,200 recharging columns; a combination of public units (3,500, 23% more than 2017) and private ones with public access, approximately 20% of which are ´fast charge´ models, in line with the European average and up by 52%. Lombardy is the only region with over 1,000 recharging points, followed by Lazio, Piedmont, Emilia Romagna, Tuscany and Sicily (over 500). Northern Italy has 51% of the installations and 53% of the ´fast charge´ units. Approximately 70% are in an urban context, on roads or public car parks, almost 30% in points of interest such as malls, shopping centres and car dealers, less than 5% are located outside towns.
Among the cities, Milan is the first municipality in Italy for electric vehicles (74% of the public service fleet, with 960 metropolitan vehicles, 535 trams and trolley buses running, 30 electric and hydrogen buses), but also as far as medium-term commitments are concerned: within 2030 all the LPT vehicles will be zero-emission. The city is also top of the class on matters of urban accessibility (64%) i.e. the share of journeys with public transport, mobility sharing services or by bicycle:
An aspect that, in twenty years, has enabled the regional capital to do away with 100,000 cars, in spite of the population having increased by the same number. Then comes Bologna, where accessibility reaches 40% and zero-emission journeys represent 39% of the total. In Turin, accessibility is 27% and ecologic journeys reach 40%; in Naples, the figures show 50% of journeys with non-pollutant vehicles and an accessibility of 34%. In Genoa, 39% of the journeys are zero-emission (accessibility 36%), in Florence 17% (accessibility 26%) and in Rome 20% (accessibility 27%).