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It now produces 14% of the continent’s electricity and provides employment to 300,000 people.

According to Pierre Tardieu, Chief Policy Officer of WindEurope, these figures should already be enough to show that wind energy represents a success story for Europe. However, we mustn’t rest on our laurels, we need to continue to invest in technological innovation in order to remain key players in the global competitive scenario”.

Do you not think that member states’ plans (NECP National Energy and Climate Plans) for Southern Europe are already sufficiently ambitious?
In truth, at the moment, none of these plans are. There are a few of them, for example the Spanish plan, that at first glance look worthwhile as they are well intentioned. If, however, they are analysed in-depth with a view to understanding how they can actually contribute to the launch of new projects, we can see various gaps.
On a European level, the question of tariffs also remains open; there are still a few months to set them; all this while the market and civil society are waiting for this step to be taken to implement new environment policies and create new jobs.

In general, do you believe that wind is properly taken into consideration in NECPs?
Undoubtedly, it is gaining attention, but the political world does not always agree with the fact that by 2030, we must reach the set threshold of 32% of supply from renewable sources. With the exception of Denmark, no national government is seriously addressing this question.

What role will Power Purchase Agreements, i.e. the purchase agreements stipulated between the owners of renewable energy plants and purchasers, play on the market?
Undoubtedly, they represent a new business model, and a very significant one. The producers of renewable energy are highly exposed to market fluctuations, and are asking for greater guarantees to stabilise income and earnings. This year, in Europe, PPAs were signed totalling 1.6 GW, but this is a volume concentrated mainly in the north of the continent, particularly in the UK and in the Netherlands. For Southern Europe, the unexplored potential is still huge.